Examination methods


  • Ultrasonic examination of abdominal and genital organs
  • Transrectal ultrasonic examination (examination from the rectum)
  • Doppler sonography (blood flow measurement)
  • Ultrasound-controlled tissue sampling

Diagnostic radiology of the urinary tract

  • Plain film of abdomen and kidneys
  • Excretory urography (contrast medium imaging of kidneys)
  • Urethrography (urethral imaging)
  • Cystography (urinary bladder imaging)

Endoscopic examination

  • Rigid and flexible video urethra-cystoscope(urinary bladder inspection)

Laboratory diagnostics

  • Tumour marker
  • Hormone assay
  • Microbiology (urine tests)